SHOWING initiative is a waste of time for the person who does it and those who have to live with the consequences.
Researchers found that in 96 percent of cases, someone doing something without being asked results in something that did not have to be done being done badly.
Workplace initiative was found to be particularly pointless and counterproductive, as well as generating team meetings, group emails and lifelong, seething hatred.
Professor Henry Brusker, of the Institute for Studies, said: “Those who show the initiative are ultimately those most damaged by it.
“The initial buzz is soon replaced by emptiness, thwarted ambition and not being invited for drinks.”
He added: “The Road of Keenness leads to the Palace of Disappointment.”